FAQ

Question One

What is the difference between Cannabis, Hemp, and Marijuana?

a. “Cannabis sativa” is a species of plants that includes both “Hemp” and
“Marijuana”. The difference is primarily in how the plants are grown,
processed, and/or the “cannabinoid” content of them.
b. The term “Marijuana” though commonly used, has a controversial origin. It often refers to the type of cannabis with a high concentration of THC, the chemical compound that induces the psychoactive effects. High THC
cannabis is cultivated and processed for both recreational and medical
marijuana in areas where it is permitted.
c. Hemp is often referred to as “Industrial Hemp” and can be used for CBD extraction, fiber, paper, food products, and many other uses. Hemp must
legally contain no more than 0.3% THC

Question Two

What are cannabinoids? (Canna-bin-oids)
a. Cannabinoids (e.g. CBD and THC) are the chemical compounds secreted
by cannabis flowers that can affect the human body
b. They work by imitating compounds that our bodies naturally produce,
called endocannabinoids , that affect nerve, brain, and immune cell activity
c. There are over 113 different cannabinoids found in cannabis/hemp,
including THC, CBD, CBN, & CBG, THCA, THCV, CBDA, and many
others.

Question Three

What is THC? What is THC delta 9?
a. Tetrahydrocannbinol , or THC, is the main psychoactive compound in
marijuana that gives the high sensation
b. THC is widely believed to have therapeutic value as well. This therapeutic
value is increased when combined with CBD.

c. THC affects things like thinking, memory, pleasure, movements,
concentration, coordination, and sensory and time perception

Question Four

What is CBD?
a. Cannabidiol, or CBD, is a non-intoxicating chemical compound of the
cannabis plant with enormous therapeutic potential. It is similar to THC, in
its therapeutic potential, however there is no “high” sensation commonly
associated with THC products. Please see the CBD training guide for
more info.

Question Five

What can CBD potentially help with?
a. The effects of CBD can occur on a wide range of conditions including
chronic pain, insomnia, PTSD, anxiety, epilepsy, dementia and more.
Other research has shown that CBD has strong anti-oxidant,
anti-inflammatory, anticonvulsant, anti-depressant, anti-psychotic,
anti-tumoral, and neuroprotective qualities. CBD can also help moderate
THC’s effects by reducing anxiety and stress.

Question Six

What is a tincture? How long till you start to feel the effects?
a. Tinctures are little vials or dropper bottles of ‘CBD oil’ that actually contain
a “carrier oil”, infused with some type of CBD extract. The type of extract
is not specific, and can range from whole-plant crude oil, distilled oil, or
CBD isolate. Common carrier oils are MCT oil, coconut oil, olive oil,
hempseed oil, or some combination of them.

Question Seven

What is a topical? How long till you start to feel the effects?
a. The word “Topicals” simply refers to a group of products that are designed
to be applied to the surface of the skin. Topical products include salves,
balms, rubs, ointments, lotions, creams, oils, and toners.

b. Like any cannabinoid infused product, the effects can vary from person to
person. Typically the effects of a topical product can be felt in minutes
(5-15), which is part of their appeal, but it may take over an hour for the
full effect of some heavier concoctions.

Question Eight

What is a salve?
a. A salve (pronounced “säv”, like “halve”) is a thick topical ointment, usually
infused with oils, and is commonly used to promote healing of the skin or
as protection.

Question Nine

What is a cream?

a. A cream is a topical product, typically lighter in consistency than a salve or
balm. Usually water-based, they absorb into the skin rapidly, and do not
leave as much residue on the surface of the skin. However, they may not
offer as much long-term surface protection of the skin, and their effects
may not last as long as a thicker salve.

Question Ten

What is the difference between salve and cream?

a. Salves (pronounced Sav , like halve ) are thicker topical products, usually
infused with oils. They are long-lasting, and offer superior skin protection.
b. Creams are lighter topical products, usually water-based. They absorb into
the skin rapidly, but the effects may not last as long as a thicker topical.

Question Eleven

What is full spectrum CBD?
a. Full-spectrum refers to CBD oil that contains ALL the other cannabinoids
from a hemp plant, including THC (although it must be below 0.3% Delta-9
THC to be considered hemp); all of which have therapeutic value of their
own and help create what’s known as the “entourage effect”.

Question Twelve

What is broad spectrum CBD?
a. Broad-spectrum refers to a host of cannabinoids present, but not all of
them (usually containing 0% THC).
b. Broad-spectrum CBD is an excellent choice for individuals that can’t have
any traces of THC in their system, whether for legal purposes, passing a
drug test, or anything else – because it offers some of the benefits of
full-spectrum CBD without any trace amounts of THC
c. There are many different processes that are used to make
broad-spectrum CBD. One way is by starting with a CBD isolate and then
adding other beneficial cannabinoids (except THC). Another method is
through a fractionalization process that removes the THC from a
full-spectrum extract. This process is costly, and less common.

Question Thirteen

What is CBD isolate?
a. CBD isolate is 99.9% pure CBD.
b. During the CBD isolate extraction process, everything contained in the
plant matter is removed, including any traces of THC, terpenes, waxes,
oils, and chlorophyll. What is left is a dry, odorless powder.

Question Fourteen

What is CBD distillate?
a. Distillation is the action of purifying a liquid.
b. CBD distillate is extracted hemp oil that has been refined to remove most
of the lipids, waxes, and chlorophyll, yielding a highly concentrated,
usually translucent amber or gold oil. It can be made from any type of
cannabis oil (Crude, CO2, BHO, ethanol extract).
c. During the distillation process, most impurities and unwanted parts of the
plants are removed, however any external contaminants such as
pesticides or residual solvents can potentially be concentrated. Therefore
it is of the utmost importance that CBD products intended for human or
animal consumption have a Certificate of Authenticity (COA) to ensure
their potency and safety.

Question Fifteen

Are whole plant extracts better than CBD isolate?
a. Products infused with only crystalline CBD isolate are available. But single-molecule CBD is thought to be less effective
therapeutically than whole plant CBD-rich oil extract, which is why we also
offer Broad-Spectrum and Full-Spectrum products as well.
b. The rich recipe of compounds in medicinal plants exert healing effects
through complementary action. This supports the idea of the “entourage
effect”, where mixtures of cannabinoids, their co-occuring terpenes, and
perhaps other molecules such as flavonoids and stilbenoids, have a
greater positive effect than just CBD or THC alone.

Question Sixteen

What is water soluble CBD?
a. Water-soluble forms of CBD are not naturally occurring. The process of
making a fat-soluble compound, such as CBD, soluble in water, involves a
process called nano-emulsion .
b. Nano-emulsion uses high frequency ultrasound to induce a process called
cavitation, in which small, water soluble spheres (called liposomes) are
formed. The CBD molecules are suspended in the liposomes which float
in the water.
c. Lipid-soluble CBD is thought to provide more benefits than water soluble
CBD.

Question Seventeen

What is Hemp Oil or Hempseed Oil?
a. Hemp oil is oil extracted from the seeds of the hemp plant
b. There are NO cannabinoids – CBD or THC – in hemp seed oil
c. Hempseed oil is packed with healthy fats, can be used in food, and often
appears in beauty products for its moisturizing benefits.

Question Eighteen

What is MCT?
a. Medium Chain Triglyceride (MCT) is a refined oil, clear and shelf-stable,
usually derived from Palm kernel or coconuts. Palm kernel is considered
an unsustainable product, therefore higher quality products use MCT from
coconuts, otherwise known as fractionated coconut oil.Drop of Sunshine
never uses Palm derived products due to the destruction of the rain forest
for its palm.
b. MCT is believed to promote weight loss, keep your memory sharp, boost
energy, help with cholesterol levels, and maintain healthy blood sugar
levels.

Question Nineteen

What are terpenes?
a. Terpenes come from naturally occurring chemical compounds in a large
variety of plants and flowers, including cannabis and hemp. They are
largely responsible for a plant’s aroma, smell, and taste, however they
also possess powerful medicinal properties. These terpenes work
synergistically with cannabinoids like CBD to create a specific therapeutic
effect, like sleep assistance or pain relief.

Question Twenty

What is the Endocannabinoid system?
a. The endocannabinoid system is a part of the body’s
neuro-immuno-endocrine network. It sends and receives chemical
messages through our organs and tissue. It affects many aspects of
human health, including mood, pain, inflammation, stress response and
immune function.
b. Our bodies produce their own cannabinoids, called endocannabinoids . A
phytocannabinoid is a plant-derived cannabinoid like CBD or THC, and
can activate the same receptors in the body that our endocannabinoids
do. To use an analogy, it is similar to how morphine derived from the
poppy plant can reduce pain by activating the body’s endorphin
receptors… CBD may reduce inflammation, pain, and other symptoms by
activating the body’s endocannabinoid receptors.

Question Twenty one

Will CBD make me feel high?
a. No. Cannabidiol (CBD) has many health benefits, without producing the
psychoactive, “euphoric” effect of THC. “Relaxing but not intoxicating” is
how some patients describe the effect. But like all supplements, certain
individuals may react differently.

Question Twenty Two

Is CBD safe to use?
a. CBD exhibits no effects indicative of any abuse on dependance potential.
b. To date, there is no substantial evidence of any public health-related
problems associated with the use of CBD.
c. Chronic use and high doses up to 1,500 mg/day of CBD are reportedly
well tolerated in humans according to the World Health Organization.

Question Twenty Three

Will CBD interact with my other medications?
a. At low doses of CBD, less than 150mg total per day, it is unlikely that
significant interactions will occur. However it is always possible that
drug-herb interactions can occur, and this is more likely the higher the
dose.
b. CBD and other plant cannabinoids can potentially interact with many
pharmaceuticals by inhibiting the activity of cytochrome P450, a family of
liver enzymes.
c. If you are taking a medication where maintaining a certain blood level is
critical such as anti-seizure, anti-viral, blood-thinning medications- talk
with your healthcare provider or pharmacist before trying CBD.

Question Twenty Four

Does CBD affect appetite?
a. Unlike THC, CBD has negligible effects on appetite and satiety.

Question Twenty Five

Does CBD cause side effects?
a. Typically CBD is not associated with many side effects but these have all
been reported:
b. Dry mouth, Drowsiness, Lightheaded, Rarely can cause feelings of
mild intoxication – similar to a glass of wine.

Question Twenty Six

What is the right dosage of CBD?
a. An effective dosage can range from as little as 5mg of CBD per day up to
150mg per day. Make sure to start low and go slow. Take a few small
doses over the course of the day rather than one big dose. Use the same
dose for several days. Observe the effects and if necessary adjust the
amount.
b. How much someone should take depends on: your body weight, the
condition you’re treating, your individual body chemistry, the concentration
of CBD in each pill, gummy, capsule, or drop.
c. As a rule of thumb, 10% of your body weight is a good place to start for a
relatively healthy adult – this is anecdotal, and not medical advice.

Question Twenty Seven

Will CBD influence results of a drug test?
a. Most drug tests screen for the psychoactive compound THC, not
cannabidiol (CBD). However, full-spectrum hemp extracts may contain
trace amounts of THC, so that could cause a positive result when screening
urine and blood specimens, especially when taken at high doses.

Question Twenty Eight

What is the legal limit of THC in hemp derived products?
a. The legal limit of THC allowable in hemp products is less than 0.3%
Delta-9 THC.

Question Twenty Nine

What is the 2018 Farm Bill Act and what did it legalize?
a. The Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, more commonly known as the
“2018 Farm Bill,” legalized the cultivation of hemp and the sale of products
derived from hemp, which contains less than 0.3% Delta-9 THC (with
certain restrictions).
b. The 2018 Farm Bill was signed on December 20, 2018

Question Thirty

Are CBD products legal in all 50 states?
a. Yes, as long as they are derived from hemp, not marijuana, and contains
less than 0.3% Delta-9 THC. No medical marijuana card is required to buy
or use hemp-derived CBD products.

Question Thirty One

Why is lab testing important?
a. All CBD products should be third party lab tested for the 3 P’s:
i. P otency (how much CBD is in it),
ii. P urity (any residual solvents from extraction process)
iii. P esticides.
b. Lab tests are often referred to as (COA’s).